The Indo-Mongolian Society of New York

Mongolian History-Online Resources



Compiled by the Indo-Mongolian Society of New York in 2004




History of the Mongols, Genghis Khan - Chinggis Khan,

Mongol Military Campaigns, Yuan Dynasty - Mongol China,

 Ilkhanid Dynasty - Mongol Iran,

Ulus Chaghatay Dynasty - Mongol Central Asia,

Golden Horde Dynasty - Mongol Russia,

 Mongol Invasions of Japan, Mongols in South East Asia,

Post-Empire and Modern Mongolia,

Mongolian Women in History,

Nomadic Civilization - Pastoral Nomadism & Inner Asian History,

Religious History of the Mongols, Art of the Mongol Empire,

Other Mongolian History Images, Other Articles About Mongolian History,

Mongol Empire Maps, Mongolian History Timelines,

Central Asian Tribal Groups History, Siberian Tribal Groups, The Manchus,

The Silk Road, Silk Road Art, Silk Road Frescoes of Dunhuang,

Historical Maps, Period Photos: Mongol, Tibetan, Siberian and Central Asian Subjects,

Indian Historical Cultural Influence in Central Asia, Gandaharan, Bactrian,Sogdian,Parthian and Sarmation Art


History of the Mongols

Origins of the Mongols

Ancestry of the Mongols

The Secret History of the Mongols Description

The Rise of the Mongol Empire

Defining Territories and Empire: from Mongol Ulus to Russian Siberia, 1200 - 1800

How did the Mongols Link East and West? (Selections from All the Khan's Horses)

The Mongol Khans         

History of the Mongol Empire - List of Rulers

The 'Pax Mongolica'

Mongols in World History

Mongol History

History of the Mongol Empire

Mongolia FAQ

Virtual Mongol History

Reign of Kuyuk (Guyuk) Khan

John of Plano Carpini the Pope's Envoy Travels to the Court of G'y'k Khan

Medieval European Views of the Mongols (Excerpts -Storm From the East)

 Persian Views of the Mongols and Europeans

European and Mongol Relations in the 13th Century (Christian Europe and Mongol Asia)

Europe and the Vatican's Perspectives on the Mongol Empire Expansion

In the Footsteps of Marco Polo Exhibition Resources (Virtual Journey)

Did Marco Polo Go to China? A Critical Appraisal by Prof. I. De Rachewiltz

Grigor of Akner's Account of the Mongols in Armenia and Georgia

Armenian Historical Accounts of the Mongol Empire

Rabban Sauma, A Nestorian Christian Envoy to the Court of Khubilai Khan

The 'Barbarian Invaders'

A 13th Century Description of the 'Tatars' (Mongols)

Great Wall of China 2

Photos of Great Wall

Description of the 'Tugh', Mongol Imperial Yak Tail Standard by Babur

Legacy of the Mongols

  back to top

Genghis Khan - Chinggis Khan

On Chinggis Khaan

The Era of Chinggis Khan, 1206 - 1227

Genghis Khan, Father of Mongolian Democracy

The Land of Genghis Khan (National Geographic)

Genghis Khan, the Mongols and Asia

Changing Perceptions of Genghis Khan in Mongolia

The Treasure of Genghis Khan

Legacy of Genghis Khan Exhibition Resources, MET Museum, New York

  back to top

Mongol Military Campaigns

Mongol Conquest of China 1

Mongol Conquest of Khwarizm

Last Campaign of Genghis Khan

Subedai's Campaigns in Europe

The Battle of Mohi (Muhi) in Hungary, 1241

Mongol Invasion of Poland, Battle of Liegnitz, 1241

Research into Mongol Art of War

Description of Mongol Warfare from Friar John of Plano Carpini

Mamluks and Mongol: The Mamluk-Ilkhanid War, 1260-1281

Mongols Meet Their Match: The Battle of Ain-Jalut

Mongol Armies

Mongol Army, Khans, Commanders, Methods and Campaigns

The Mongol War Machine

Mongolian Archery Technique

Mongolian and Tibetan Archery

  back to top

Yuan Dynasty - Mongol China - 1279 - 1368

Khubilai Khan and the Yuan Dynasty

Khubilai Khan, 1215 - 1294

Khubilai Khan: The Last Great Ruler?

Khubilai Khan and His Advisors

Yuan Dynasty

Yuan Dynastic Statutes of Government

Yuan Dynasty Social Economy

Yuan Dynasty Paper Money Photograph

Khubilai Khan in Battle, 1287 (Observations of Marco Polo)

Phaga-pa Alphabet

Mongol Administrative Seal from the Ministry of Rites in Phags-pa Script, Yuan Dynasty, 1287

The Monks of Khubilai Khan, Life & Travels of Rabban Sauma

'Age of the Great Khans: Pluralism in Chinese Art & Culture Under the Mongols'

Mongol Imperial Portraiture in the Yuan Dynasty

Anige, Himalayan Artist in the Court of Khubilai Khan

Yuan Dynasty Zaju (Dramatic Performance Art Form)

Chinese Theatre During the Yuan Dynasty

Yuan Dynasty Art (1279-1368)

Yuan Dynasty Art 1279-1368, Summary and Images

Yuan Dynasty Artists and their Artworks

Yuan Dynasty Landscape Paintings

Chao Meng-fu, Yuan Dynasty Artist

Yuan Dynasty Literature


  back to top

Ilkhanid Dynasty - Mongol Iran - 1265 - 1335

Hulegu Khan Founder of the Ilkhanid Dynasty

The Il-Khanate

Hulegu Khan's Conquests Timeline

Rashid ad-Din

An Account of Gregory Bar Hebraeus Abu al-Faraj and his Relations with the Mongols of Persia

Simeon of Qal'a Rumaita's, a Priest-Physician at the Ilkhan Court

Hulegu Khan's Coinage

Ilkhanid Mongol Tent Image

The Arts of the Ilkhanid Period

Art of the Book in the Ilkhanid Period

Developments of Arts in Iran Under the Mongols

New Visual Language of Iran Created by the Mongols

Images and Description of the Mongol Illustrated History,

The Jami al -Tavarikh, (Compendium of Chronicles by Rashid al-Din)

Long Lasting Aesthetic Influence of the Mongols on Persian Art

Ilkhanid Buildings Style Image Archive

Tomb of Uljeytu in Sultaniya. Images of Interior & Exterior

Illustration Sections of the Court of Ghazan Khan


  back to top

Ulus Chaghatay - Mongol Central Asia - 1227 - 1363

Jagatai Khan (Chaghatay)

The Chaghataid Khanate

Ibn Batuta and Ulus Chaghatay

Chaghatay Khanate Period Ruins Images

Tomb of Buyan Quli Khan in Bukhara, c. 1905 - 1915, 24th Ruler of the Ulus Chaghatay, 1348 - 1358

Chaghatay Ulus Administrative Order in Phags-pa Script with Chaghatay Mark

Chaghatayid Coins

Jani Beg II Coinage

Ulus Chaghatay, Mongol or not?


  back to top

Golden Horde - Mongol Russia - 1240 - 1480


Golden Horde, from Encyclopedia

Analysis of the name 'Golden Horde'

Ulus of Jochi (Golden Horde), 1240 - 1560's

Batu Khan, Conqueror of Russia, 1206-1255

Berke Khan, Brother of Batu Khan

Golden Horde Summary from Wikpedia Encyclopedia

Mongol Invasion of Russia from Wikpedia Encyclopedia

Mongol Conquest and Rule of Russia

 The Golden Horde, Expansion of Mongol Rule Over Russia

Mongol Conquest of Bulgars

'Yarlighs' - Imperial Mongol Regulatory Decrees Sent to Russian Princes

Battle of Kulikovo, 1380, Mamai Attempts to Oust Tokhtamish Khan

History of Galicia & Volhynia; Relations of Leo of Galicia with Khan Telebuga of the Golden Horde

Golden Horde (Shaybanid), Brief History and Coinage

Golden Horde; Archeological Museum Relics

Golden Horde Art

Golden Horde Relic Metropolitan Museum

Golden Horde Coinage

Golden Horde and Tatar Scholarly Articles

The Mongols and Russia

Rambaud on the Mongol Yoke & the Influence of the Tatars 0n Russian Development

Mongols in Armenia

Mongol Invasion of Russia

ssian View of Mongol Period

Ethnic Diversity Among the Early Doukhbors

  back to top

Mongol Invasions of Japan

Mongol Invasions of Japan Animated Map

Japan History Mongol Invasions

Khubilai Khan's Lost Fleet (Found again)

Mongol Invasions of Japan

Assessment of the Impact of the Mongol Invasions of Japan

Scrolls of the Mongol Invasions Introduction

Scrolls of the Mongol Invasion Illustration

  back to top

Mongols in Southeast & Northeast Asia

Chronological Timeline of China, Korea and Japan

Korea, Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia, Tibet, & Mongolia

Mongol Campaigns in Vietnam

Vietnamese Commander Tran Hung Dao and his War with the Mongols

Mongols in Java

  back to top

Post-Empire and Modern Mongolia

Decline of the Mongol Empire

Mongols, Jurchens, and Manchus

Mongolia in Transition 1368-1911

Dayan Khan

Manchu Emperor Kangshi and the Mongol Khans in the 1600's

Modern Mongolia 1911-1984

Damdiny Sukhbataar, Mongolian Revolutionary Hero

Life of Zanabazar, First Bogdo Gegen of Mongolia

Mongolia's Socialist Construction Under Tsedenbal, 1952- 84

Brief Summary of Khalkin-Gol War of 1939

  back to top

 Mongolian Women in History

Portrait of Khubilai Khan's Consort Chabi

Female Hero: Sorghaghtani Beki

Heroines: Mongolian Women

Women of the Mongol Court

Names of Mongol Woman Royalty


  back to top

Nomadic Civilization, Inner Asian History and Pastoral Nomadism


Nomads and Military History

Hun, Pazyryk, Scythian, Bactrian, Vani, Merv, Central Asian History Brief

History of Inner Asia

Nomadic Empires and Eurasian Expansion Outline

Nomadic Empires & Eurasian Integration Outline

Nomads: The Asiatic Background

Pope Leo's Historic Meeting with Attila the Hun, 452 A.D.

Herodotus on the Scythian Nomads, Chapter 4 Herodotus the Histories

Herodotus' Conception of Foreign Languages

Description of Transoxania in the Memoirs of Babur, First Mughal Emperor

Crisis of Cultural Identity in Mongolian Nomadic Civilization

Nomads At the Crossroads

Nomadism and Pastoralism Worldwide, History and Analysis

Patterns of Subsistence: Pastoralism

 Nomads - The Facts

Nomads and Their Domesticated Animals

Tibetan Nomad Animal Husbandry and Grazing Management Practices

Tibetan Nomads Pastoral Production

Bactrian Camel Cart Photo

Interactions Between the Nomadic Cultures of Central Asia & China in the Middle Ages

Climate Oscillations and Nomad Migrations

Nomadic Eurasians, Archeological Analysis Articles

Traditional Dwellings of the Nomads: Gers/Yurts

Modern Mongolian Ger

Central Asian Nomad Yurts/Gers (Kibitki)

The Mongolian Felt Tent

Mongolian Nomads Method for Making Felt

The Textiles of Nomadic and Settled Peoples of Central Asia

Nomads People's Traditional Food Sources

The Nomads, Man, Animal, Nature

An Economic Structure of the Xiongnu Nomads (Hsuingnu) Society

DNA & the Peopling of Siberia

The Dual Origin and Siberian Affinities of Native American Y Chromosomes


Samoyedic Peoples of the European Tundra

Prehistoric Art: Early Nomads of the Altaic region

Nomadic Art of the Eastern Eurasian Steppes

Exhibition: Nomadic Waves & Cultural Exchange on the Inner Mongolian Steppe

'Animal Style' and the Image of the Horse and Rider

Rock Art in Central Asia, Mongolia and Siberia

Nomadic Art: The Scythians



  back to top

Religious History of the Mongols

Shamanic Traditions of Mongols

Tibetan Buddhism in Mongolia

The Assyrian Church in the Mongolian Empire

Mongolian Shamanism

Shamanism in Mongolia and Tibet

Religion in Mongolia

Religion and Rule in Early Modern Mongolia Abstracts

Buddhism in Mongolia After 1990

  back to top

Art of the Mongol Empire

The New Visual Language Created by the Mongols

Legacy of Genghis Khan exhibition

Mongol and Central Asian Art

Mongol Empire Art and Architecture

Yuan Dynasty Art (1279-1368)

When Silk was Gold, Yuan Dynasty and Mongol Central Asia Textiles

Mongol Archer, Yuan Dynasty

Mounted Mongol Archer by Yuan Dynasty Artist Liu Kuan-tao

'River in Autumn', Yuan Dynasty painting

'Dwelling in the Fuqun Mountains', Huang Gongwang, Yuan Dynasty

'Zhong Kui Travelling' by Gong Kai, Yuan Dynasty (In 3 Sections)

Mongol Saddle Arch in Gold, 13th Century, Golden Horde Dynasty

Golden Horde Dynasty Tympanum, 14th - 15th Century

Golden Horde, Belt Fitment of Gold, 13th - 14th Century

Yuan Dynasty Mandala with Mongol Rulers Portraits

Mongol Rider with Administrator, Yuan Dynasty Painting

Yuan Dynasty Art in the Tokyo National Museum

Mongol Ruler and Queen Enthroned, Ilkhanid Dynasty

Ascension of Ogedei Khan from Rashid-ad Din's Manuscript, Mongol Iran

Ogedei Khan Portrait, National Palace Museum, Yuan Dynasty

Illustration of Genghis Khan Addressing Citizens of Bukhara

Mughal Illustration of Genghis Khan Dividing His Empire

Alanquva and Her Three Sons, from the Chingiznama of Rashid ad-Din, 1596, Mughal Dynasty

The Mongol Shahnama with Illustrations, Ilkhanid Dynasty

Theme of Enthronement in Shahnama, Ilkhanid Dynasty

Theme of Mourning in Shahnama, Ilkhanid Dynasty

Black & White Illustration of Genghis Khan's Tents, Ilkhanid Dynasty

  back to top

Other Mongolian History Images

Mount Burkhan Khaldun, Which Gave Shelter to Genghis Khan

The Onon River Near the Birthplace of Genghis Khan

View of the Upper Kherlen Valley, Mongolia

Erdene Uul, Near Where Genghis Khan Evaded the Merkits

Monument to the Secret History of the Mongols in Mongolia

Mountain called Cakir Maud in Secret History of the Mongols.

 In the Background is Saar Keer Where Final Battle with Naiman Took Place

Ruins of Khitan City, Mongolia

Early Example of Turkic Writing, Mongolia

Tue Cheh Monument, Ovorkhangai, Mongolia

Modern Illustration of Mongol Battling Teutonic Knights at Leignitz

Modern Illustration of Mongol Armies On the March

Mongol and Central Asian Relics

Ancient Deer Stones, Western Mongolia

Ancient Stone Figure, Western Mongolia

Ancient Armour and Helmets Yuan Dynasty

Monument to Sukhbataar, UlanBaatar, Mongolia

  back to top

Other Articles About Mongolian History

The Soyombo, Mongolian National Symbol of Independence

Mongolian Language Documents: Traditional Styles and Scripts

Comparative Anecdotology and the Secret History of the Mongols

Fall of the Ming Dynasty & the Rise of the Manchu�s Qing Dynasty

Historical References regarding 'Khan/King' as 'Son of Heaven' in Central Asia

How Do You Say 'Minzu' in Mongolian? (Articles on Mongolian and Chinese Views of Nationality)

Notes on the Mongols

Mongolian Flags History

Bogdo Khan, Rebel Monk

Mongols, Buddhism and Modernity

Introduction to the Anthropological Study in Mongolia

Przewalski Horse: Ancient Mongolian Horse Rescued from the Brink of Extinction

Mongolian Music

Mongolian history reading list

Names from the Secret History of Mongolia

Mongol Creation Stories

Documentation & Construction of Period Mongol Names

Poem About the Fall of the Khwarazim Shah's Empire

Chinggis Khan's Name Encrypted in a Tangut Song, 14th Century

National Geographic/ Mongolian crossing

Sacred Mongolian Environmental Texts

Definition of 'Horde'

Of Mongol 'Hordes', the First 'Iron Curtain', Lost Opportunities, Inflation and Gutenberg's Real Motives

Photos of Karakorum Archeological Excavations

Mongolia Climate

Bugut Inscription and Early Turkic Habitation in Mongolia

Glossary of Mongol Terms

Yeh-lu Chu'tsai, Advisor to Genghis Khan

Influence of Liao, Jin & Yuan Dynasties on Chinese Attire, 916 -1368 A.D.

Eunuchs and Sinicization in the Non-Han Conquest Dynasties of China

Is the Shah-Nameh- Book of Kings- Mongol Royal History Actually the Abu Said-Nameh?

Rashid ad-Din's Letters: Genuine History or Forgery?

Genetic Legacy of the Mongols

Falconry's Origin in Mongolia

Pozdneyev's Description of Urga (Da Khuree) in 1892, 1893

Millennium: CNN World History Video Clips

The 1928 Gobi Expedition

The Initial Upper Paleolithic in Northeast Asia

  back to top

Mongol Empire Maps

Mongol Empire Map 1

Mongol Empire Map 2

Mongol Invasions Map 1223- 1240

Genghis Khan Invasion route Maps

Mongol Empire Map with Marco Polo Route

Mongol Empire before 1259 Map

Mongol Empire 1259 Map, (area after breakup)

Map of Europe 1223 on the eve of Mongol Invasions

Map of Europe in 1270 after Mongol Invasions

Map of Chaghatay Khanate

Mongol Empire Map 1294 now including Russia

Mongol Empire Map late 13th century

Map of Mongol Expansion in Asia

Map of Mongol Areas in Asia and West, end of 13th century

Chinese Map of Mongol Empire

Mongol Khanates, Black & White Map1

Mongol Khanates, Black & White Map 2

Map of Trade Routes of Mongol Empire

Map of medieval trade routes between Europe, West Asia up to India,

c. 1200's. 'Historical Atlas' by William R. Shepherd, 1922.

Symbolic Mapping: Mandeville's and Polo's Representations of the East

  back to top

Timelines of Mongolian History

Mongol Khans and Central Asian Khans Timelines

Timeline of Mongolian History 

Mongol Dynasties Timelines

Mongol Period timeline and maps

Central Asian History Timeline

Central Asia Timeline 1167-1363

Central and North Asia Timeline 1600 - 1800 A.D.

Wars Timeline, 1200-1299, A Chronology of Conflict

  back to top

History of Central Asian Tribal Groups

The Xiongnu Culture, 3rd Century BCE

The Hu Peoples

The Juan-juan

The Yue-Chi

The Migration of the Yuezhi (Yue-Chi) through Sogdia

The Sakas

The Huns

The Huns Chronology and Timeline

The White Huns- Hephthalites

The Scythians

Nomadic Waves and Cultural Exchange on the Mongolian Steppes

The Alans

The Khitan and Jurchen

The Khitan and Liao Dynasties

The Liao Dynasty

The 'Barbarian States': Liao, Jin, Yuan

The Khwarezm Shah Empire, 1151 - 1231 A.D.

The Jin Dynasty, 1115 - 1234 A.D.

The XiXia Dynasty

The Tanguts

Mongol Tatars

Ibn al�Athir on the Tatars

The Tatars

Ethnogenesis and State Formation in Medieval & Early Modern Eurasia

Ethnic Processes Within the Turkic Population of the West Siberian Plain

The Khazars

The Cumans and Kipchaks

Central Asia after the Mongols

The Mauryans and Graeco-Bactrians

The Parthians

Roman Description of the Parthians

The Kushan Empire

The Mauryan Empire

The Sasanians

The Sogdians

The White Horde

The Jalayirids

The Qara Qoyunlu

The Qara Khitai, 810 - 1000 A.D.

The Qarluqs

The Crimean Tatars

The Rise and Fall of the Uighur Empire

The Manchus

The Ashtarkhanid Rulers of Bukhara

The Timurids

The Timurid and Turko-Mongolian Identity

The Empire of Timur

The Shaibanids

The Khanate of Khiva

The Mughals

Mughal Dynastic Chart from Akbar-Nama

The Khalkha Mongols

The Buryats

The Chakhar

History of Kalmykia

History of the Oirats

The Tuvans

Mongol, Tungusic & Manchu Minority Tribal Groups

The Cumans

The Magyars

The Khwarezmians

Kazakhstan Unesco history 12th-14th century

Kazakh Area Unesco History

History of Kazakhstan

Origins of Kazakhs and Uzbeks

The Kirghiz

The Hazara

The Turkmen

Great Steppe Empires of Asia

The Russian Redbook Listing of Endangered Tribes

  back to top

Siberian Tribal Groups

The Evenks

The Orochi - A Tangus Manchurian People

The Negidal

The Itelman  Kamchatka Mongol Peoples     `       

The Khanty

The Mansi

The Selkup

The Udege

The Nanai

The Ulchi

The Nivkh

The Kets

The Koryaks

The Sakhas

The Yukagir


The Manchus - Qing Dynasty - 1644 - 1911A.D.

The Manchus

Mongolia Under the Manchus

China and the Manchus

Decline of the Ming and the Rise of the Manchus

Chronology of China Under the Manchus

Kanji of China Under the Manchus                                                                                                                     

Manchu Colonialism? Qing Policies in Mongolia, Tibet, and Xingiang

Qing Dynasty, Two Maps

Qing Dynasty and the West

Tzu-Hsi: The Dowager Empress of China

Photographs of Manchu Dowager Empress Ci Xi, 1898

Manchu Empress Dowager Tzu-Hsi, Emperor Hsein-feng Figurines

back to top  

The Silk Road

What Is the Silk Road?

The Silk Roads

The History of Silk from China

Silk Road Chronology

A Silk Road Timeline

Geography of the Silk Road

Silk Road Geography, Nomads and History

Old World Traditional Trade Routes Maps

Silk Road Map

Silk Road Maps,1871,51508-181316-53-42888,00.html

Mongols and the Silk Road

The Silk Road; The Making of a Global Cultural Economy

Silk Road Narratives: A Collection of Historical Texts

Travelers on the Silk Road

Brief Narratives of Three Expeditions in Innermost Asia and Northwestern China

Photo of Mongolian Bactrian Camel Caravan Outside the Great Wall of China, 1900's

Photo of Mongolian Bactrian Camel Train Enroute to Beijing, Passing Through Great Wall of China, 1902

Photo of Bactrian Camels in Camel Square in Beijing, 1901

Bactrian Camel: Camelus Bactrianus

Photo of Tibetan Nomad Yak Caravan

Tibetan Manuscripts from the Silk Road

The Buried Silk Road Cities of Khotan

Xi'an and the Silk Road

Geopolitics of the Silk Road

Religions of the Silk Road

Silk Road History and Resources

Alexander the Great's Campaigns in Central Asia

The Silk Road: Trans-Ecological and Trans-Civilizational Exchanges

Samarkand and the Silk Road in the Time of the Timurids and Their Heirs

  back to top

Silk Road Art

Glimpses of the Silk Road Exhibition

The Silk Road Virtual Art Exhibit

Luxury Arts of the Silk Road

Silk Road Art of the Sogdians

Silk Road Art: Horses and Camels

Nomad Camp, Siyah Qalum, 15th century,

Dancing Demons, Siyah Qalum, 15th century

Hunters on Horseback, Siyah Qalum, 15th century

Lion and Bull About to Engage in Combat, Siyah Qalum, 15th century

Combat Between Two Fabulous Creatures, Siyah Qalum, 15th century

Conversation Scene, Siyah Qalum, 15th century

Two Daoist Immortals, Siyah Qalum, 15th century, Sarai Collection

Monks and Merchants: Silk Road Treasures from Northwest China

Early Portrait Painting in Tibet

The Silver Jug of Lhasa Jokhang: Central Asian Influences on Tibetan Empire Art, 7th - 9th century

Ural - Altaic Languages List

The Ancient Gold of Kazakhstan

Photographs: In the Mountains of Central Asia

  back to top

Silk Road Frescoes of Dunhuang

Dunhuang, located in Gansu Province, northwestern China was one of the main destinations on the ancient Silk Road.  Dunhuang is famous today primarily for its 492 caves that house a treasure trove of frescoes, scrolls and Buddhist objects dating from the 4th century to 12th century A.D. The Dunhuang frescoes strikingly illustrate the cross-cultural confluence of aesthetics, philosophies, mythologies, and histories of India, Central Asia, and China. During the Yuan Dynasty nine new caves were created and frescoes of the Tibetan Buddhist pantheon were painted within.  

International Dunhuang Project

Dunhuang- Buddhist Art From The Silk Road

Dunhuang Caves in China

Dunhuang Art

Introduction to Dunhuang Cave Art

Notes On the History of Dunhuang



  back to top

Historical Maps

Silk Road Maps,1871,51508-181316-53-42888,00.html

The Kangnido, Korean World Map, 1402

Mid-Fifteenth Century European World Map

Map of Roman Empire in Relation to Eurasia in Three Periods

Alexander the Great�s Empire Map

Ptolmy's Map of Asia, c.200 A.D.

Strabo's World Map, c.18 A.D.

Map Showing Sogdian, Sasanian, Harsha, and Tang Empires

Mauryan Empire Map, ca. 323 - 185 B.C.

Kushan Empire Map, ca. 2nd - 3rd Century A.D.

Persian Empire Map About 500 B.C.

Interactive Central Asia Map

  back to top

Period Photos: Mongol, Siberian, Tibetan, Altai, Oirot, Central Asian Subjects

Buryat Man, Baikal Region

Young Buryat Woman, Atchin Council, Baikal Region,

Buryat Man in Ceremonial Costume

Buryat Men Wrestling

Buryat Man, Atchin Village, Baikal Region

Learned Buryat Woman

Buryat, Solon and Daur Men at Solon Oboo Festival 1931

Oirot Woman in Fur Coat, 1931

Oirot Girl, 1927

Uzbek Woman and Yurt, 1907-1915

Kirghiz Yurt with Reed Screen, ca. 19th early 20th Century

Young Kirghiz Women, ca. 19th early 20th Century

Turcoman Woman, ca. 19th early 20th Century

Tibetan Women in Ceremonial Costumes, Tolstoy Expedition 1942-43

Tibetan Nomads with Guns, Tolstoy Expedition 1942-43

Tibetan Soldier Demonstrating Mounted Shooting, Tolstoy Expedition 1942-43

Tibetan with Slings, Tolstoy Expedition 1942-43

Tibetan Nomad Women, Tolstoy Expedition 1942-43

Procession in Lhasa, Tibet, Tolstoy Expedition 1942-43

Tibetan Army Dressed in 7th - 9th Century Uniforms, Tolstoy Expedition 1942-43

City of Gyantse, Tibet, Tolstoy Expedition 1942-43

Tsaam Dancers in Gyantse Monastery, Tibet, Tolstoy Expedition 1943

River Crossing, Tibet, Tolstoy Expedition 1942-43

Tibetan Landscape with Bridges, Tolstoy Expedition 1942-43

Siberian Shaman

Siberian Shaman, 1929

Yakut Man, Siberia

Yakut Homes, Siberia

Ainu of Siberia

Photograph of the Emir of Bukhara, Alim Khan in 1911

Kush-Beggi, Minister of Interior under Emir of Bukhara, c. 1905 - 1915

Bukharan Bureaucrat, c. 1905 - 1915

Uzbek Horsemen on Hillside, Samarkand, c. 1905 - 1915

  back to top

Indian Historical Cultural Influence in Central Asia,

Gandharan, Bactrian, Sogdian, Parthian, Sarmatian Art

The Spread of Indian Art & Culture to Central Asia and China

The Mauryans, 321 - 185 B.C

Asoka, Rock and Pillar Edicts

Mauryan Art and Architecture

The Kushan Empire

Kushan Art Brief Summary

Kushan Empire Art (1st B.C. - 3/5th c. A.D.)

The Silk Road Art in West-Central Asia

South Asia, 1 - 500 A.D.,

Crossroads of Civilizations, A.D. 250 - 750

The Delverzin-Tepe Pieces: Two Small Ivory Figures of Indian Origin

Indian Influence in the Art of the Yungang Caves of Shanxi, China

The Vasantra Jataka from Miran, Central Asia

Map Showing Diffusion of Indian Languages into Asia

Indus Script and Telugu

Kharosthi Alphabet

The British Library Kharosthi Fragments

The Influence of Gandhara throughout Serindia - Gateway to China

Two Aspects of Serindian Art

The Gandhara School of Art

The Conservation of a 5th century Buddhist Gandharan Manuscript

Himalayan Region Art and Timeline

Paths to Enlightenment: The Ancient Art of South and Southeast Asia

Cave as Canvas: Hidden Images of Worship Along the Ancient Silk Routes

The Fasting Buddha, Gandhara

Standing Bodhisattva, Gandharan

Hindu and Buddhist Influence in Southeast Asia

What are the Origins of Buddhist Sculpture?

A Lost Literary Buddhist Tradition is Found

Central Asian and Buddhist Arts

Buddha Amitabha Flanked by Bodhisattva Avalokitsvara

Buddhism and its Spread Along the Silk Road

Demon & Deities: Masks of the Himalayas

Early Indian Objects of Art & Handicraft from Scythian and Sarmation Barrows of Russia

Indian Savant's Observations on China

Indic Ideas in the Graeco-Roman World

Coins of Indo-Greek Dynasties

Ancient Coins of Bactria and Northwest India

Southern Bactria and northern India before Islam

The Greco-Bactrian Mirage; Reconstructing a History of Hellenistic Bactria

Archaic Proto-Bactria and Early Ancient Bactrian Art Objects

Bactria-Mergiana: Openwork Stamp Seals, late 3rd Century - early 2nd millenium B.C.
Bactrian Net Pattern Bowl, 100 - 1 B.C.

Alexander in the East Map with Bactria Region

Alexander of Macedonia

Ancient India as Described by Flavius Arrianus, the Greco-Roman Biographer of Alexander the Great

Alexander the Great and Indian War Elephants

Graeco-Roman Knowledge of the Indian Elephants

Sogdiana and Soghdian Art

Indian Elements in the Sogdian Iconography of Xurmazd

Images of Khorasan and Sogdian Art

Court Art of Sogdian Samarqand in the 7th century A.D.

Sogdian Influences Seen on Turkic Stone Statues, Focusing in the Fingers Representations

Sogdian Civilization's Peculiarities

Silver Sogdian Coins

The Art Journey of Marco Polo

The Journey of Faxian to India

Persian Art Under Indian & European Influence

Empire, Fragmentation and Salvation in Mauryan India

Parthian, Gandaharan and Bactrian Art

Parthian Empire Art

Parthian Arts and Artifacts

Parthian Empire Map

Central Asian Region of Modern day Kyrghistan's Relationship with India 6th - 10th Century A.D.

Western Oxus-Indus Hearthland (3rd to 2nd millennium B.C)

Rock Carving and Inscriptions Along the Indus, The Buddhist Tradition

Painting of the Sun God Surya, in Sogdian Khaftan with Indian Influences

Autochthonous Aryans? The Evidence from Old Indian and Iranian Texts

Dionysus and Katargama: Parallel Mystery Cults

Art of Sarmatia, ( 6th  c. B.C. - 4th century A.D.)

On an Epithet of Scythian and Sarmatian Dieties (with Indian Terminology)

Evidence of Sarmatian Relations with India & China

Mongol Armies and Indian Campaigns

The Indo-Mongolian Relationship: A Retrospective Outlook on Buddhism

Art Objects that Embody Evidence of Indian and Central Asian Relations with Korea

Theories on the Scythian Invasion of India, the Yu-Chi, Bactria and Sogdia

The Sakas Migration to India

Manichaen Input to Chinese Culture and Art

Ajanta Caves Image & Video Gallery

The Imprint of Ajanta in Tibetan Art

Sun Wukong, the Monkey King

From Protean Ape to Handsome Saint: The Monkey King

The Story of the Monkey King





Compiled by the Indo-Mongolian Society of New York in 2004